We believe that the main functions of nurses are: determining the diagnosis, developing a care plan, if one is implemented, managing a team of nurses and collaborating with other specialists to meet the general needs of the patient. Given these functions, nursing schools should include in their curriculum activities that contribute to the acquisition of knowledge and the development of skills necessary for academic performance, these functions and other related professional activities. In teaching the basics of nursing, some of these knowledge and skills are considered the basic tools of nursing necessary for the development of students.
It also includes: communication, planning, evaluation, a scientific or problematic method, observation, teamwork, manual skills and creativity. In this work, we set ourselves the task of informing first-year students of Kamayma college about teaching basic tools.
Although our experience in teaching basic patient care tools dates back to several years, we do not yet have data that would allow us to provide a statistical interpretation of the facts presented here, and we will only describe them. To better understand what we intend to disclose, we will give the following definitions, which we consider fundamental and from which the concept of the basic tools of nursing follows.
With support in the pedagogical definition, a “tool” is an object used to achieve a goal, and a “pedagogical tool”, a set of concepts and skills necessary for studying various subjects of training and for practice. training exercises. * Supported by these two definitions, to which I add my main word, to make it more obvious that what we are studying is what we consider basic, and when teaching a nurse as a professional we conclude that these are basic tools. Only in nursing, a set of knowledge and skills is necessary for the implementation of all professional activities.
Kamayma students. After a year, we felt that we needed to develop other skills, the same or more important, as mentioned above. We gradually realized this need, and then gradually tried to identify those that, in our opinion, were of fundamental importance to the nurse. In 1965, we experimentally included in our program the teaching of the basic tools mentioned above; This is the first officially introduced in 1967, at the same time as the definition of maintaining the accuracy of our goals.
Kamayma college campus. In the methodological and non-formal form of training, as regards the basic tools, we follow only one justification: we start with a rather complicated and discussed philosophy regarding education. and care, that is, the fundamental idea that a student is a person who can be identified, realized, oriented, if developed; that their training begins with the acquisition of knowledge and skills and the development of specific settings.
Kamayma course description. Formal training is programmed for the first week of the course, called the “familiarization week”, and is designed in the form of dynamic lectures with students. Subjects covered in 8 hours of instruction for familiarization with the main tools: scientific method, planning, communication, teamwork, bibliography, teaching and learning. Non-formal learning follows this theoretical introduction and is carried out by integrating basic tools into all subjects that are under the direct supervision or coordination of teachers of the Fundamentals of Nursing. We carry out this integration, applying already acquired concepts to the following didactic actions:
a) – training in a clinical camp;
b) – the use of active teaching methods (symposium, seminar, oral report, group discussion, visits, role-playing games, services, directed training, etc.) c) – work;
d) – evidence of achievement;
d) – assessment by students (of the course, directed teaching method and presentations in which other active methods can be used);
(f) extra-curricular activities such as population surveys, Nursing Week programs, course programming, facility visits, etc.
The message transmitted by the source must be understood by the recipient. The interaction of the nurse and the patient is essentially communication. Formal training begins with some of the subjects covered in the study week. The theoretical lessons underlying communication are the subject of Preventive Nursing, when they focus on various communication techniques, such as interviews, lectures, demonstrations, etc.